What Is Architecture?

Architecture is the artistic production and the process of designing, planning, and building structures or other physical structures. Architectural projects, in the conventional sense, are usually conceived as large works of architecture and as visual signs. These large-scale projects include hotels, bridges, parks, and museums. A large number of architects have contributed to the modern aesthetic of architecture by creating iconic structures. Some famous names in architecture include Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Rem Koolhaas, and Thomas M. Rice.


Interior architecture refers to the aesthetic or psychological aspects of architecture that relate to the people who use the buildings. Architecture critic and writer Christopher Alexander have described interior architecture as the “language of the house,” where the house is not an autonomous artistic creation, but a means of communicating the owner’s aesthetic ideas. Interior designers create the layout of the spaces of buildings and design the furniture, lighting, and architectural details used in residential homes. The work of architecture experts in the field of interior architecture includes spaces such as kitchens, dining areas, sleeping areas, home offices, family rooms, bathrooms, and more.

The field of architecture was created in the 15th century and focused on using building materials that would be easily constructed. This led to the popularity of bricks, stones, and concrete for constructing structures in medieval Europe, because these building materials could be used anywhere. In the early part of the 20th century, with the growth of the automobile industry and increased urbanization, architects began to experiment with different types of architecture. Modern architecture focuses on the use of state of the art technology, materials, and techniques to design buildings. Modern designs are characterized by sleekness, minimalism, and uniformity. New building materials such as concrete and steel are used extensively in modern architecture.