Architecture is the product and the procedure of designing, planning, and building buildings or other permanent structures. Architectural projects, in the concrete form of residential houses, can be seen as both art and cultural symbols. However, it has been argued by architects and geologists that architecture arises from several discrete factors, one of which is the cultural role of the individuals who supervise the construction or the renovation of a particular structure.
The term “architecture” in the general sense is used to refer to the arrangement of materials used in buildings and other physical structures with a design intended to optimize the functionality of the building or structure. The term ” Architecture” was first used in its generic sense, denoting all architectural or superstructure designs. Later on, “architecture” was used to refer specifically to the discipline of designing buildings and other physical structures. In recent years, “architectural design” has also been utilized in place of ” Architecture”, though, because of political pressure and economic competition, some architectural practices have been accepted as “designing”. In addition, ” Architectural” is also applied to the description of those technical skills, whose specific tasks are the creation of functional buildings, whereas ” Architecture” is used more commonly to refer to the specialization of persons trained in building and architectural science.
There are two broad schools of architecture, depending on their emphasis on form versus function. The primary difference between these two schools is the degree of success they achieve. Modern architects concentrate more on form than on function, whereas historic architects focus more on providing a functional building. In modern architectural practice, the arrangement of materials is disregarded in favor of determining the visual impact of the building. Historical architecture, on the other hand, considers both functionality and form in designing its buildings.